Tsum Valley Trekking

Tsum Valley Trekking

Tsum Valley Trekking is a blessed Himalayan expedition in Northern part of Nepal, Gorkha. "Tsum" is a Tibetan word derived from "Tsombo" which means vivid and its people are called "Tsumba". Tsum Valley is famed as "hidden valley" with unique characteristics of mystery, myth and majestic beauty. The region was a restricted area until 2008 and is relatively untracked by hikers, yet the starting point is only 7 hours drive from Kathmandu. Against the lofty backdrop of the Ganesh Himal, Siringi Himal and Boudha Himal ranges, this tranquil Himalayan Valley is also rich in ancient art, culture and religion. The altitude of Tsum Valley trek varies from 1,905 meters in Lhokpa to over 5,093 meters at Ngula Dhojhyang pass on the Tibetan border. The Valley is bounded by high passes- the Ngula Dhoj Hyang (5,093m) to the west and Yamcho Pass (5,326m) to the north. Crossing the main Manaslu stream, one certainly gets the feeling of entering a hidden realm. The life of people living in Tsum Valley region is regarded different from others and their practices can be surprising for travelers.

Tsum Valley Trekking is one of those treks which can deliver you the experience of trekking around the Tibet to some extent. The first phase of the trek is a tour around Kathmandu Valley exploring some of the UNESCO listed world heritage sites of Nepal and heading towards Arughat (Gorkha District) from where the trekking trail starts while we trek around Soti Khola, Machha Khola, Tatopani and reach Jagat hiking through the dense forests and crossing rivers on our way with stunning view that nature has to provide. From Jagat the trail is an uphill climb following the path through Philim, Ekle Bhatti and makes it to Lokpa, the first village situated at Tsum Valley from where we head to Chokhangparo visiting satisfying Gombas of Chumling while we walk on a suspension bridge over Serpu Khola River and visit Gho village. We also visit the ancient Gombas of the region such as: Rachen Gompa, Mu Gompa, Dephyudonma Gompa.

Similar Trekking:  Manaslu Trekking 18 Days,  Mustang Trekking 18 DaysNar Phu Trekking 21 Days, Dhaulagiri Trekking 21 Days

Tsum Valley Trekking continues to Nile. On our way, we visit Buddhist meditation centers and Milarepa's Cave as the path leads to Chumling after exploring the region further more and hike around Phurbe and Pang. We then descend to Philim overlooking the gorgeous Samba Fall and reach Soti Khola via Khorlabeshi, Jagat and Tatopani. Tsum Valley Trekking ends after we arrive in Aarughat and drive towards Kathmandu or move to any other destination of your choice.

Trip Details

  • Itinerary
  • Detail Itinerary
  • Trip Info
  • Weather
  • Equipment
  • Useful Info

Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu [1,338m] Transfer to the Hotel.
Day 02: Sightseeing tour of Swayambhunath, Kathmandu durbar Square, Pashupatinath and Boudhanath.
Day 03: Drive Kathmandu to Arughat. [500 m].
Day 04: Arughat trek to Soti Khola [710 m].
Day 05: Soti Khola trek to Maccha Khola [900 m].
Day 06: Machha Khola trek to Jagat [1,370m].
Day 07: Jagat trek to Lokpa [2,240m].
Day 08: Lokpa trek to Chumling [2,386m].
Day 09: Chumling trek to Chokhangparo. [3,010m].
Day 10: Chokhangparo trek to Nile. [3,361m].
Day 11: Visit Mu Gompa back to Nile rest. [3,361m].
Day 12: Nile trek to Chumling [2,386 m].
Day 13: Chumling trek to Philim [1570 m].
Day 14: Philim trek to Khorla Bensi [970 m].
Day 15: Khorla Bensi trek to Soti Khola [700 m].
Day 16: Sotikhoa to Arughat Bazar [970 m] then drive back to Kathamandu. [1338 m].
Day 17: In Kathmandu free day. [1338 m].
Day 18: Trip ends! Fly back home, taking with you the memory of a life time.

Day 01: Namaste Nepal [1,330 m]: Upon your arrival, a representative from Adventure Treks Nepal will be waiting outside the airport gates to take you to the hotel. Depending on time of arrival, plans will be made for a briefing meeting once you have settled in. Please let us know if there is anything special you would like to do while in Kathmandu and we can help you arrange that. Overnight stay at Hotel.

Day 02: Cultural Tour in Kathmandu [1,330 m] - (B): After breakfast in the Hotel we have a sightseeing tour around Kathmandu vally which takes in the key attractions in and around Kathmandu. Including AM: Visit 2000 years old Buddhist shrine Swyambhunath, situated on the top of the hill west of the city the most popular and instantly recognizable symbols of Nepal. The temple is colloquially known as the “Monkey Temple”. There are many small buildings and shrines down the hillside behind Swayambhunath. Explore the colorful Kathmandu Durbar Square - The Old Royal Palace of Kathmandu, Temple of living goddess Kumari, the Jagannath temple, 17th century temple known for colorfully painted erotic carvings, Kasthmandap temple a three story temple built from a single tree in 12th century.

PM: Visit Pashupatinath temple one of the most sacred Hindu shrine in the World. The holy river Bagmati and the burning ghats and also visit one of the oldest and biggest stupa of Boudhanath. Overnight stay at Hotel. (Tour time 06-07 Hrs). (Also it is good time for acclimatization).Overnight stay at Hotel.

Day 03: Drive Kathmandu to Arughat [600m] - (B/L/D): After an early breakfast we'll start our journeys with drive through the beautiful river view & Nepalese countryside to reach at Arughat, on the footsteps of Manasalu. There is approx 5 hour drive (142km) from Kathmandu into the western mountains takes us to Gorkha, the Capital of Medieval Nepal. Another 42km drive on a dirt road and we reach Arughat, our trek start point. Please note that the dirt road from Gorkha to Arughat may not be drivable during the monsoon season. In that case, we may have to begin our trek right from Gorkha and reach Arughat in the evening.

Arughat Bazzar is clustered on both sides of the River Budi-Gandaki linked by a suspension bridge, this is the largest settlement in the valley and it is also a junction to various important places. The path from here across the River leads to Dhading & Trisuli Bazaar and our route from here leads north. Overnight stay at Tea House. Average driving time is 06 - 07 hours.

Day 04: Arughat - Soti Khola [710 m] - (B/L/D): After breakfast this morning we break camp and begin our trek by following a well used trail that leads us past an ever-changing tableau of rice fields and Gurung villages. The walking today is fairly gentle and affords us our first views of Shringi Himal from Shanti Bazaar, from where the clear glacial run-off of the Budhi Gandaki provides a constant backdrop to our hike up into the mountains. Crossing a suspension bridge, we then follow the trail down to Soti Khola, and our camp amongst the landscapes of the famed 'Honey Hunters'. The foothills of Central Nepal have, for generations, been famous for their twice yearly harvests, when men gather from the surrounding villages to undertake the dangerous task of collecting the honey of the Apis Laboriosa (the world's largest honey bee) from the cliffs that are their home. Overnight stay at Tea House. Average trekking time is 05 to 06 hours.

Day 05: Soti Khola - Maccha Khola [900 m] - (B/L/D): Today, the path from here at times cuts into the steep valley, which is densely forested, passing through a number of small villages tucked into the hillside, till we reach a widening of the valley, opposite the point where a large tributary stream enters the Burhi Gandaki river. The terraced cultivated fields belong to the upper village of Lapubesi (880m). From here our path descends to the wide, sandy riverbed which follows a trail meandering below the steep, craggy valley side. We have last climb up to brings you at near villages where is some teashops and nearby we'll stay for overnight Overnight stay at Tea House. Average trekking time is 05 to 06 hours.

Day 06: Maccha Khola - Jagat [1,350 m] - (B/L/D): After breakfast we start our trekking to Jagat. Today, the trail leads to more interesting farm villages and fields as the vegetation changes slowly, after crossing bridge and heading upstream to the tiny village of Kholabesi and the hot springs at Tatopani.

From the Hot Spring, we climb over another ridge, then cross the Budhi Gandaki on a suspension bridge. Climb on a wide, well-crafted staircase, then across a landslide and over a ridge to Dobhan. Crossing a suspension bridge over the Yaru Khola we climb the stone stairs and then drop to the river and again climb more stone stairs to Tharo Bharyang. Cross to the west bank of the budhi gandaki, climb over a ridge, trek along the river then climb towards the village of Jagat where we will spend overnight Overnight stay at Tea House. Average trekking time is 07 to 08 hours.

Day 07: Jagat - Lokpa [2,240m] - (B/L/D): The early part of trek moves gently uphill and then follows a flat leveled path. You cross a suspension bridge over Budhi Gandaki before you enter Philim. Philim is a big village mainly inhabited by the Gurungs. From Philim, you climb a gradual uphill where we stop for lunch at Ekle Bhatti. Lokpa is the first village as you enter the Tsum valley. Overnight stay at Tea House. Average Trekking time is 06 - 07 hours.

Day 08: Lokpa trek to Chumling [2,600m] - (B/L/D): You take an ascending route to reach Chumling stopping for lunch along the way. Chumling is located on the south face of the Shingri Himal. This day you enjoy a pleasant visit to the Gombas of Chumling. It’s a bit challenging as it is an ascending path the entire way. Visit Chumling village which is quite interesting and over night at Lokpa. Overnight stay at Tea House. Average Trekking time is 04 - 05 hours.

Day 09: Chumling to Chokhangparo [3,010 m] - (B/L/D): Cross the suspension bridge onto the opposite bank. Enjoy the great views of Ganesh Himal. Walk past Rainjam to Serpu Khola crossing another bridge we arrive at the Gho Village. Another continues 2 hours climb to Tsum takes us to the village of Chhokangparo. Weather permitting; enjoy the views of Himalchuli at 7893 meters and Ganesh Himal at 7140m. Overnight at Chokhangparo. Overnight stay at Tea House. Average Trekking time is 04 - 05 hours.

Day 10: Chokhangparo to Nile [3,010 m] - (B/L/D): From Chhokanparo, we ascend to Lama Gaun crossing the monasteries and Gompa. We climb the Milarepa’s Cave where you will visit Buddhist meditation centers. Trekking further through Phurbe and Pang, we eventually reach the village of Nile where we stay overnight. Overnight stay at Tea House. Average Trekking time is 04 - 05 hours.

Day 11: Exploration Mu Gompa and back to Nile [3,010 m] - (B/L/D): Today, we have an exploration day around Mu Gompa region. Mu Gompa is the largest monastery in the region and is located at the highest and most remote point of Tsum Valley. After visiting Mu gompa we trek back to Nile where we stay overnight. Overnight stay at Tea House. Average Trekking time is 03 - 04 hours.

Day 12: Nile trek to Chumling [2,386 m] - (B/L/D): Continue trekking watching the greenery of nature and descend down to Chhokang Paro again. From their continue descending to Gho. Descending further, we arrive at the bridge over the Sarpu Khola. Trekking along the lower Tsum Valley takes you to again Chumling. Overnight stay at Tea House. Average Trekking time is 05 - 06 hours.

Day 13: Chumling trek to Philim [1570 m] - (B/L/D): From Chumling, we continue to Lokpa and then move ahead on a flat trail ahead overlooking the gorgeous Samba Falls. Overnight stay at Tea House. Average Trekking time is 05 - 06 hours.

Day 14: Philim trek to Khorla Bensi [970 m] - (B/L/D): From Philim, we move towards Jagat and Tatopani to reach Khorlabeshi. We descend down to Sirdibas again and arrive at Jagat. From Jagat, we continue trekking through Tatopani. Overnight stay at Tea House. Average Trekking time is 05 - 06 hours.

Day 15: Khorla Bensi trek to Soti Khola [700 m] - (B/L/D): Today, we cross the Tharo Khola flowing in a rocky ravine. After that we head down again to the river and traverse to Machha Khola village. We reach the Gurung village of Labubeshi trekking alongn the Budhi Gandaki River and finally reach Soti Khola where we stay overnight. Overnight stay at Tea House. Average Trekking time is 06 - 07 hours.

Day 16: Soti Khola to Arughat to Kathmandu [600 m] - (B/L): After breakfast we start our trekking to Arughat. First we climb up the ridge of Kyorpani and then descend down to the cascading waterfall. Passing through the Sante Bazaar, we arrive arughat bazaar where we will have a Lunch then we drive back to Kathmandu. Overnight stay at Hotel. Average trekking time is 04 to 05 hours. Average driving time is 06 to 07 hours.

Day 17: Free day in Kathmandu [1,330 m] - (B): There are plenty of interesting sites to visit in the Kathmandu valley like the Old Palaces at Patan, Bhaktapur, Durbar square, Swayambhunath (the monkey temple or you may wonder down town Thamel to shop for souvenirs and sample the various restaurants of Kathmandu. We are happy to offer you some recommendations. Overnight stay at Hotel.

Day 18: Fly back home - (B): We will transfer you to the airport and assist with check-in procedures. (Please note that airport reporting time will be at least 03:00 hrs before of your international flight's time).

Note: If the above itinerary does not meet your needs, we can design individualized travel plans based on your preferences.

Trip Cost Includes:

  • Arrival and Departure Transport.
  • Accommodation in Kathmandu with breakfast.
  • Trekking Duffle Bag.
  • Sightseeing tour in Kathmandu with an entrance fee.
  • Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner during the Trekking.
  • Accommodation in Tea house (mountain lodge) while trekking.
  • Kathmandu Arughat kathmandu.
  • Trekking Porter with Insurance. (We Provide 01 Porter for 02 Pax).
  • Trekking Guide with insurance.
  • Trekking Region map.
  • TIMS.
  • Special Permit for Tsum Valley. (Conservation fee for Annapurna+Manaslu Area)
  • Government taxes.
  • Office services charge.

Trip Cost Excludes:

  • International Airfare.
  • Your travel insurance of any kind
  • Nepal entry Visa fee (US$ 40 for 30 days and US$ 25 for 15 days you should get visa open your arrival)
  • Drinks, Dessert, Juice, Mineral Water, Heater charge, Hot Shower during the Trekking and main meals in cities.
  • Tips for Guide, Porter and driver.


Weather information

We offer trekking in Nepal from mid-September to May. However within this period there are clear seasons in the weather. From early September the monsoon rains decrease. By mid-October through to December the weather is usually stable with mild to warm days, cold nights and clear views. Daytime temperatures can reach 25-30 deg C at low altitude in October and nights can drop to below 0 deg C at higher altitudes.

Winter trekking, from December to February, offers cool to mild and clear days with often very cold nights. Daytime temperatures at low altitudes will be mild, around 20 deg C and at night may drop to 0 or as low as -10 deg C at the higher points. Occasionally winter storms can bring snow as low as 2500m.

In March the cold, dry winter season begins to give way to warmer, wetter spring conditions. Mornings are usually clear with cloud build-up occasionally bringing afternoon rainstorms. Daytime temperatures increase quickly in March, with temperatures of up to 30 deg C and mild nights at low altitudes. The increase in rainfall in the hills is more than compensated for by the spectacular displays of rhododendrons and other wildflowers at this time of year. Late spring conditions, as in April and May, are generally hot at low elevations and as the clouds build up to the next monsoon, daily afternoon rainstorms are common. This is a period that generally has clear weather at the higher altitudes and is traditionally a time when mountaineering expeditions commence their ascents.

The monsoon creates a rainy season in Nepal, which lasts from mid-June to mid-September. During this time the Nepal Himalaya is unsuitable for trekking, with the exception of a few remote valleys. We offer treks during this period in Low altitude Treks in the Nepal Himalaya, Tibet & India (Kulu, Ladakh).

The post-monsoon period: From early September the monsoon rain starts to decrease. By mid-October through to mid-December the weather is usually stable with mild to warm days, cold nights and clear views. Daytime temperatures can reach 25-30 degrees Celsius at lower altitudes and decrease as you gain height. Over 3000 meters the daytime temperatures can vary as much as 10 to 20 degrees Celsius, and may be hotter or colder, depending on whether it is sunny or windy etc. At night at lower altitudes, temperatures do not normally drop much, although as you approach November it does get colder and the days shorter. Up high it can drop sharply at night, from 0 to minus 10 or 15 and more when camped on the ice or snow.

The pre-monsoon period:In March the cold, dry winter season begins to give way to warmer, wetter spring conditions. Mornings are usually clear with cloud build-up bringing occasional afternoon rainstorms. Views of the mountains in the middle of the day and afternoon may often be obscured. Daytime temperatures increase quickly in March with temperatures of up to 30 degrees Celsius and mild nights. At higher altitudes it is similar to the conditions of the post-monsoon period, however there is usually more snow, which has accumulated over the winter period. There are spectacular displays of rhododendrons and wildflowers at this time of year. Late spring conditions ie April and May, are generally hot at low elevations and as the clouds build up to the next monsoon, daily afternoon rainstorms are common.

List of Clothing Equipments & Personal Effects

  • Lightweight Trekking (walking) (Waterproof) boots and spare laces. If new one is being bought, “walk then in” to avoid blisters. Also bring spare laces.
  • A pair of track shoes for evening and walk around campsite.
  • Warm Jackets (Fiber fill or down) down should be adequate.
  • A rainproof jacket with hood or ponchos (Get guaranteed Waterproof)
  • Woolen shirts and thick sweaters.
  • A pair of lightweight/heavyweight trousers. Jeans are unsuitable to wear on treks.
  • Thermal underwear.
  • A tracksuit.
  • 2 pair of loose fitting long shorts/skirts.
  • Few pairs of cotton T-shirts.
  • At least 1 lightweight long sleeved shirt is particularly to avoid sun born.
  • A woolen hat for morning and evening and Sun cap (Hat) during the day and ensure it has a wide brim to cover the face and neck..
  • A pair of gloves.
  • A pair of sandals to shower and campsite.
  • Few pair of thin and thick woolen socks.
  • Underwear: normal quantity and swimming costume.
  • Sleeping bags for night. (At least -20 Celsius)

Equipment and Accessories

  • Duffle bag or kit bag to carry gears while trekking. (We provide)
  • Daypack to carry personal day requirements. (25-30 Ltr) This is a small rucksack to carry personal requirement for the day
  • Water bottle.
  • Snow glasses and sunglasses.
  • 2-5 large plastic bags to separate clean and dirty clothes. Some small plastic bags for garbage.
  • Toiletries with large and small towels. Toilet paper can be by in Kathmandu and some villages in the mountains.
  • Wallet or money belt with compartment for coins.
  • Headlamp or torch light with spare batteries and bulbs.Candles or lighter to burn toilet paper and to lit on.
  • Snow gaiters essential during winter and High Altitude trekking.
  • Walking poles. (If you like to have).
  • Camera with spare batteries and films
  • Reading materials, game items (optional), note book, rubber band, pen and pencil, envelopes, a diary, a calendar, a pocket knife, binoculars (optional), a small pillow or headrest (optional). Thermoses (optional)- an inflatable sleeping mat, trekking map, adequate quantities of passport photograph
  • First aid kit with enough Personal medicine.

Physically prepare yourself

It is important that your body is adequately prepared for the physical challenges of trekking. It is thus important that you assess your own condition and train accordingly. In general, the fitter you are, the easier it will be for you to handle the rigors of the trek. A well-rounded training program would include strength training, aerobic cross training, and hiking (ideally at high altitude but not necessary).

Mentally prepare yourself

Mental preparation is often overlooked. You should always keep a positive state of mind, but not ignore the signals your body sends you. Your mental stamina will, without a doubt, make the most difficult parts of the trekachievable.

We will keep the packing list update asnew equipment becomes available. If you have reviews or suggestions please send us an email.

Trekking in Nepal need not be considered risky affair as far as your health is concerned. Nevertheless, preventive measures such as a through medical checkup and inoculations before you start trekking can save you from unexpected hazards. Since the remote places of Nepal are not supplied with necessities that are essential for modern medical facilities and as the rescue and evacuation are measured in days, it is imperative to make a comprehensive first aid box consisting of basic drugs and accessories as part of the paraphernalia for trekking. Modern dentistry is unknown in the hill of Nepal so it is advised to have a checkup before departure from home. Tooth fillings; sometimes loosen in cold temperatures and high altitudes, so it is recommended to have them checked. Travelers are requested to bring medicine prescribed by their doctor at home. Common medicine for stomach problems, headache, and malaria is available in Kathmandu. Medicine is usually not available in remote areas. So necessary medicine is advisable to carry with you. Before going to Nepal, it is advised to get injections against typhoid, meningitis and hepatitis.

This is often known as Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), which is particularly a matter of important medical consideration while trekking in the Himalayas. Altitude Sickness means the effect of altitude on those who ascend too rapidly to elevations above 3000 meters. Early mountain sickness will manifest itself in headache, nausea, shortness of breath, fatigue; etc can be encountered as initials of the sickness. The major information source on prevention and treatment of the sickness is Himalayan Rescue Association (HRA) and Adventure Treks Nepal (P). Ltd. is the confide life member of it. We assure every trekker that all our guides have followed the training conducted by HRA with the understated information.

1. Less Oxygen
2. Low Pressure i.e. Barometric Pressure
3. Rapid Ascent
4. Possible Dehydration

1. AMS - Acute Mountain Sickness
2. HAPE - High Altitude Pulmonary Edema
3. Hace - High Altitude Cerebral Edema

Mild symptom feels like hangover/not feeling good
a. Headache
b. Fatigue/Tiredness
c. Nausea
d. Shortness of breath
e. Loss of appetite
f. Sleep disturbance
g. Dizziness

a. Increasing shortness of breath even at rest
b. Severe cough-dry/Productive
c. Very tired-Unusual fatigue while walking
d. High Pulse rate i.e. 110
e. Blueness of face, lips, finger nails that means inability to transport Oxygen into the blood

Severe symptoms of altitude sickness
a. Severe Headache
b. Vomiting
c. Walking like a drunk (Ataxia)
d. Mental confusion/Altered mental status
e. Irritable-Does not want to be bothered by other people
f. Unconsciousness or Coma
TEST - Tandem walking test, Heel to toe step fall off from the line.

1. Find out the main problem i.e. at altitude. Assume all problems are Altitude Sickness unless proven otherwise.
2. If it is an altitude problem with mild symptoms, stay at the same altitude until the symptoms are completely gone. Take an Aspirin tablet, try to go up but listen to your body. If symptoms are worsening, go down.

1. Acclimatization: - After a 1000m. Ascent, stay one more night for acclimatization.
2. Do not make RAPID ASCENT; don't go too fast too high.
3. No alcohol, sleeping pills and smoking.
4. Drink more fluid 3-4ltrs a day… clean, boiled or treated water/tea/coffee/soup/juice etc.
5. Do not carry heavy packs.
6. Climb higher sleep lower.
7. Do not travel alone.

1. DESCENT is the best medicine; do not wait for the Helicopter.
2. Medicine:
a. Oxygen.
b. Diamox…for AMS 125mg. Before dinner, for sleeping problem if feeling suffocated.
c. Nafedipine for HAPE
d. Steroids/Dexamethasone for HACE
3. Hyperbolic Bag - Gammow Bag
4. Golden Rules
b. If you have mild symptoms, do not go higher. Take Aspirin.
c. If you have worsening symptoms, go down.
d. Do not leave your team member behind unattended, either trekker or porter.
a. Go up slowly.
b. Drink plenty of fluids (at least 3 liters per day)
c. Get all information about Altitude Sickness before your trekking tour that will make you confident to make your tour successful.

Our advice: Drink 3-4ltr of water minimum a day, don't exhaust yourself so much and breathe deep and take rest more than usual.

Trekking Map

Restricted Area Trekking


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